Women in Governments – Still Far From Equality of 40%

Half a year after the General Elections in 2018 in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the executive bodies for the forthcoming four years have been formed in the Republika Srpska and six cantons, while the new composition of the Council of Ministers of B&H, the Government of the Federation of B&H and four cantons (Tuzla Canton, Herzegovina – Neretva Canton, Bosnian – Podrinje Canton and Canton 10) haven’t been formed yet.

However, in the seven governments that have been appointed so far, the tradition of unequal representation of women has continued – no government has achieved 40% women representatives from Article 20 of the Gender Equality Law of B&H. This law obliges state bodies at all levels of government, as well as bodies of local self-government, to ensure equal representation of the genders in a percentage of at least 40%, and the situation when this percentage is not realized is considered discrimination based on gender.

In the cantons where governments have been formed so far, no woman has been appointed prime minister. Representation of women varies from 0 to 18%, with the largest number of women in ministries being Canton Sarajevo (three female ministers), two female ministers in Posavina Canton, and the rest cantons have one woman each ministry (Zenica- Doboj Canton, Una – Sana Canton, West Herzegovina Canton and Central Bosnia Canton).

The Government of Republika Srpska, although still far from the required quota, currently has the highest percentage of women in the ministries – five of them (22.7%).

Since the none of the governments in B&H has ever reflected the equal representation of both genders, at the end of 2018, requests were sent from the Sarajevo Open Centre to the representatives of all the assemblies and parliaments, the Mandate of the Sarajevo Canton Government and the Republika Srpska Mandate, requiring their parties directly implement the Gender Equality Law in B&H in the negotiations on the appointment of the government, and ultimately that they as representatives will not confirm the appointment of the government unless it reflects the equal representation of persons of both genders, noting that a government in which no relevant number of female ministers are represented can’t be legitimate or representative.

Although the formation of executive bodies at the state and federal levels and in four cantons is still pending, it can already be concluded that the problem of unequal representation of the sexes in the executive bodies of Bosnia and Herzegovina is still equally present as in the previous years. In the cantonal governments for the period 2014-2018, the representation of women was 12.76%, while in the latest convening it is 14% (without counting cantons in which the Government has not been formed yet).

The Sarajevo Open Centre will initiate a proposal for amendments to the law on governments in B&H at all levels of the organization that would ensure equal representation of the genders in the manner prescribed by the Gender Equality Law of B&H, and in such a way as to ensure equality for the constituent people.